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Editorial Board

The Indian Journal of STEAM invites technical papers or case studies or review article from authors of various streams of innovation and research in the areas within the scope of the STEAM. Manuscripts are accepted throughout the year and there is no deadline for submission. Manuscript should be sent by email to: [email protected].

Once the manuscript is accepted after review, it will be considered for publication in the subsequent issue.

About The Journal

About the Journal

D Y Patil Technical Campus was established in the year 2006 with aim of providing UG/PG education in the fields of Engineering & Technology, Pharmacy, Agriculture, Management and Architecture. More than 7000 students are pursuing their higher education in various disciplines within the campus. In a span of 13 years, the campus is transformed into “D Y Patil University”, a state private university approved by Government of Maharashtra and all statutory bodies of respective programs.

In providing a unique platform facilitating researchers and students of multidisciplinary areas, D. Y. Patil University Pune Ambi hosts publication of Indian Journal of STEAM. It is an ideal platform for “Innovation & Research” in various disciplines under one umbrella. It is strongly believed that removing barriers to access technical papers online greatly influence the transfer of knowledge worldwide at a greater scale. It also serves as a value added input to the potential researchers to present their innovative ideas to the aspiring researchers in science and technology, arts and management disciplines. Thus STEAM represents excelling the growth of technology in various disciplines.

Aim & Scope

Aim & Scope

The Indian Journal of STEAM, provides a broad-based platform for Innovations & Researches in various streams. The Journal is the initiative of the students and research scholars of D. Y. Patil University Ambi Pune to have the broad based platform for publishing research work or case studies or review article of different disciplines and it is a journey towards consilience in a way of interdisciplinary approach.

The focus of Journal aims:

I) To publish the most exciting research areas and sub areas in the field of STEAM

S Computer and information sciences/Physical sciences/Chemical sciences/ Environmental sciences/ Pharmaceutical Sciences .
T Agricultural Technology/Energy and Power /Construction Technology/ Manufacturing Technology/Transportation Technology/Information and Communication Technology .
E Computer Engineering/Mechanical Engineering/Automobile Engineering/ Industrial Engineering/Civil Engineering/Electrical Engineering.
A Arts: painting, architecture, sculpture.
M Strategic Management, marketing, finance, human resources

II) To provide easy accessibility for publishing with rapid reviewing to disseminate the articles for teaching, research, and reference purposes. In today's world of quick information availability globally at the click of the button. The Indian Journal of STEAM gives an open access worldwide to reach readers on larger scale than that of any other subscription-based journal. The published papers in Indian Journal of STEAM increases the visibility and impact factor.



  • To create awareness of knowledge, its quality and effectiveness of various innovative ideas.
  • To stimulate further research on the effects of innovations for exploring the scope of further research.
  • To contribute to an overview of areas that lacks interventions.

Editorial Board

Editorial Board

Editor In- Chief

Dr. Vijay Patil, Chancellor and President, DYPU, Pune, Ambi

[email protected]

Prof. Dr Sayalee Gankar, Vice Chancellor, DYPU, Pune, Ambi

[email protected]

Associate Editors
Prof. Dr. Roshanlal Raina
Vice Chancellor, Jaipur National University

[email protected]

Prof.Dr. Shrihari Honwad
Former Vice Chancellor,
Sir Padmapat Singhania University

[email protected]

Prof.Dr.Ramadevi Pani
Deputy Director, AIU

[email protected]

Prof. Dr. Sudhir Gavahane
Vice Chancellor, MGM

[email protected]

Prof. Dr. Shihsnak
Director BCU-CCEG
Birmingham City University Birmingham , UK

[email protected]

Prof. Dr. (Capt) C. M. Chitale
Former Director,
Skill Development Centre, SPPU, Pune

[email protected]

Co Editor Board
Dr. Jaykar Jadhav- Head-Ph.D. Program, DYPU, Ambi, Pune-[email protected]
Dr. Pranav Charkha -Dean- DYPUSOET, Ambi, Pune.- [email protected]
Dr. Sunil Harer -Dean -DYPUSOP, Ambi, Pune.- [email protected]
Dr. Pranav Ranjan - Head-PG Program, DYPUSOM, Ambi, Pune- [email protected]
Ar. Omkar Samudra -Principal, DYPUSOA, Ambi, Pune- [email protected]
Dr. Pooja Sharma-Head Academics CS and IT, DYPUSOET Ambi, Pune- [email protected]
Dr. Anup Shivanechari - HOD-MCA, DYPUSOM, Ambi, Pune.[email protected]

Guidelines for Authors

Guidelines for Authors

1. Type of Papers published: Paper should be of sufficient novelty and not published or under consideration of publication anywhere else. It may be of research article or case studies or review type in nature. The Author Guidelines and paper template is provided in journal webpage.
2. Plagiarism: Manuscript is checked for plagiarism. Similarity index should not be more than 10%.
3. No. of issues: It is published quarterly, there are 4 issues published per year.
4. Publication charges: Open access publication charges are 150 Rupees and 500 Rupees for UG and PG/Ph.D scholars respectively. The payment of fees is accepted only if the paper is accepted for publication after single blind review process. If the authors demands print version of the issue, it is chargeable extra as per the prevailing expenses incurred.
5. Call for Papers: The manuscripts are accepted throughout the year. Manuscripts are called by editorial board members through email and Journal web page.
6. After submitting manuscript to the Journal : The chief Editor will assign Editorial board members to the manuscript received based on its scope. All the manuscripts submitted undergoes single blind review process. If any conflict of interest, corresponding author should clearly mention while submission. The manuscript goes through initial screening by the editor about its novelty. If it lies within the scope of the Journal, suitable reviewers are assigned. The manuscript is forwarded to the reviewers (mostly two) with instructions of the review process. Within Fifteen days, reviewer submits his/her comments to the editor. Based on the reviewer comments, editor decides about publishing it in the current issue or next issue. Before the paper being published, authors should submit copyright duly signed.
7. The journal is indexed in most of the indexing sources. The list will be provided very soon.

  • Manuscript should be outcome of the Original research work, Review of previous work or case studies in the areas meeting the scope of the journal. It should not have been published elsewhere or under consideration for publication.
  • Length of article should be between 6-8 pages or word count between 3000 to 4500.
  • The article should be submitted using the journal template following double column in word format.
  • The journal will follow single blind review process with minimum two peer review.
  • The paper will be published after acceptance within two week.
  • The article processing Charges (APC) as per the ordinance of the journal .
  • Following guideline are to be followed while submitting article to journal:
  • Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where ever possible.
  • Author names and affiliations: Please clearly quote the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and ensure that they are precisely spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation.
  • Corresponding author: Clearly identify who will handle correspondence at all stages while refereeing and publication, along with post-publication services. This responsibility includes answering the queries about Methodology and Research Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Present/permanent address: If an author has relocated after the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as same.
  • Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions, and should not exceed 200 words. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s).
  • Abbreviations: Define abbreviations which are not standard in this field in a foot note to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations which are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined when mentioned first, as well as in the foot note. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
  • Acknowledgements: Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
  • Math formulae: Please submit math equations as editable text and not as images. Present simple formulae in line with normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of”e” are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed Separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).
  • Tables: Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. References
  • Citation in text: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
  • Web references: Full URL reference is mandatory and should be accompanied with the date of last reference when it was accessed. Any further information if available like (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be stated. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
  • Examples:
  • Reference to a journal publication: [1] Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun 2010;163:51–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.Sc.2010.00372.
  • Reference to a journal publication with an article number: [2] Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. Heliyon. 2018;19:e00205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2018.e00205
  • Reference to a book: [3] Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of style. 4th ed. New York: Longman; 2000.
  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book: [4] Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In: Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. Introduction to the electronic age, New York: E-Publishing Inc; 2009, p. 281–304.
  • Reference to a website: [5] Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK, http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/; 2003 [accessed 13 March 2003].

Paper Template

Paper Template Download

Paper Title (24pt, Times New Roman, upper case, line spacing: Before: 8pt, after: 16pt)

Subtitle if needed (14pt, Italic,line spacing: Before:8pt, after:16pt)

1*Name of 1st Author, 2Name of 2nd Author, 3Name of 3rd Author

1Designation of 1st Author, 2Designation of 2nd Author, 3Designation of 3rd Author

1Name of Department of 1st Author, Name of organization of 1st Author, City, Country

(*Corresponding Author- email id)

Abstract :  This study has been undertaken to investigate theAbstract should be written up to 200 words and it should focus on the main theme of the work along with important findings. It becomes most important to study the vehicle vibrations for human body comfort. The model fabrication is done on the basis of comparing real human body parameters with human physical models used in the ISO 10068:2012 standard. This article revealed effect of vibration transferring to the specific parts of human body due to vibration transferring from Seat to Height (STH) and from Hands on steering. The focus of the present study was to determine the vibration output from fabricated model. T he vibrations as input to the model are from automotive vehicles. The input verses output vibration characteristics will be useful to study effects of vibration on human health. The human body is considered as a simple spring, mass, damper system for analysis. This multi body model representative of the automotive postures found in the literature were investigated, one with and the other without a backrest support. The model was modified to suitably represent the different automotive postures with and without backrest supports, to the same postural conditions on the basis of the analytical study. The prepared model has been further compared with similar model provided in the literature on automotive sitting environments.

Key Words : Vehicle vibrations, energy flow, human body comfort, hand-arm vibrations, hands on steering

    I. Introduction

Page size: A4 size only

Text Column: Single texts align:  justify

Title: 24pt Times New Roman align: centre

Page Margins:  Left – 0.51”, Right – 0.51”, Top – 0.75”, Bottom – 0.75”

Font: Use Only Times New Roman for whole paper

Figure caption: Font size- 10”, lower case and Write below the figure, position-center

Table Caption:  Font- 10”, lower case and Top of the table, position-center

Paragraph: Paragraph Indentation by- 0.2”

Line Spacing: single

Before: 0” After: 0”

Header 0.3” footer 0”

All manuscripts must be in English. These guidelines include complete descriptions of the fonts, spacing, and related information for producing your proceedings manuscripts. Please follow them.

This template provides authors with most of the formatting specifications needed for preparing electronic versions of their papers. Margins, column widths, line spacing, and type styles are built in; examples of the type styles are provided throughout this document and are identified initial type, within parentheses, following the example. PLEASE DO NOT READJUST THE SEMARGINS. Some components, such as multileveled equations, graphics, and tables are not prescribed; although the various tablet Ext styles are provided. The formatter will need to create these components, incorporating the applicable criteria that follow.

Mechanical vibrations generated by vibrating systems of power tools or transport vehicles can have a negative impact on the human body. Long-term exposure to vibrations can cause many disorders in the operator’s body, leading to

permanent damage. In a seated position, humans are most sensitive to full body vibrations under less frequency excitation; hence, biodynamic responses of a seated human body when exposed to vertical vibrations have receive much attention through the years. Moreover, it is important to understand the cause-effect relationships in between the vibrations transmission through the body, its health, comfort and performance. These responses have been widely assessed in terms of seat-to-head (STH) transmissibility, driving point mechanical (DPM) impedance, and apparent (AP) mass [1]. The first function refers to the motion transmission thorough the body; whereas the other two refers to the force and motion at the point of vibration input. The human body is dynamic system whose mechanical properties changes from moment to moment and from person to person. From the results of a large amount of experimental data, various mathematical models have been developed to describe human motion. According to different techniques, these models can be grouped as lumped-parameter (LP), finite element (FE), and multibody (MB) models [2].and performance. These responses have been widely assessed in terms of seat-to-head (STH) transmissibility, driving point mechanical (DPM) impedance, and apparent (AP) mass [1]. The first function refers to the motion transmission thorough the body; whereas the other two refers to the force and motion at the point of vibration input. The human body is dynamic system whose mechanical properties changes from moment to moment and from person to person. From the results of a large amount of experimental data, various mathematical models have been developed to describe human motion. According to different techniques, these models can be grouped as lumped-parameter (LP), finite element (FE), and multibody (MB) models [2].


Figure 1 Proposed system layout

MB model of consist of several rigid bodies interconnected by bushing elements (rotational and translational spring-damper units), pin (2-D) and/or ball-and-socket (3D) joints. The 3-D model is designed and fabricated by comparing specifications. Then used in the study of biodynamic responses of the human body. For the responses of a seated body exposed to vertical vibrations, mathematical models was at least 2-D in the sagittal plane. Especially in an automotive seating environment, bouncing and pitching motions are the important factors in vehicle riding assessment. As a result (shown in fig number 1), a few 2-D models reaches minimal satisfaction of the mentioned body.


As mentioned earlier, from a few years several mathematical models for the study of biodynamic responses of a sitting body are printed on the idea of individual take a look at knowledge. As part of this study, the basic assumptions and experimental data for the analysis of seated humans exposed to vertical vibrations will be studied first. Moreover, MB model, having fourteen degrees of freedom (DOFs) will be illustrated and summarized in this section of study [4].

  III-I Measurements without Backrest Support

A variety of test data used to categorized the biodynamic response functions has been established by using different variety of testing conditions, most of which can be grouped in the data sets for a seated body without back rest support. Such grouping has resulted in considerable discrepancies among the data. To avoid these deficiencies, a primary conclusion was reached that any attempt to define generalized values might not be correct unless it could be defined specifically for a particular application or within a limited but well-defined range of situations. From the literature, data sets satisfying the following requirements were selected for the study of biodynamic characteristics of seated human subjects [5].

Body masses were limited to the range within 49–94 kg;

The feet were supported and vibrated;

Data sets tested under vibration excitations were exposed to the vertical direction;

Vibration excitation amplitudes were below 5 m/s2, the nature of excitation being specified as either sinusoidal or random;

The excitation frequency range was limited to 0.5–20 Hz.

  III-II Measurements with Backrest Inclined 21°

In this study only the STH transmissibility data were selected to validate the targeted MB models to avoid comparisons of the response function from simulations, and data is compared with data of Experimental results: seated human body exposed to vertical vibrations without backrest support from Cho-Chung LIANG1 and Chi-Feng CHIANG1.

  III-III Measurements with Backrest Inclined 12°

Because of associate in nursing, incomplete information of the mechanical properties of the body, the effect of hand positions and body mass on AP mass is difficult to determine. This research studies only on the effect of the backrest angle on the biodynamic response functions. The AP mass values measured at three different back-support positions, representing a flat pan with the back unsupported, and with the back supported by a vertical backrest or an inclined backrest as mentioned in Cho-Chung LIANG1 and Chi-Feng CHIANG1.

Figure 2Cho Chung Liang and Chi Feng Chiang Model

As previously mentioned, the experimental studies on the biodynamic of a seated human body exposed to vertical vibrations have been widely assessed in terms of STH transmissibility, DPM impedance, and AP mass. Moreover, the support in automotive seating environments contributes to decrease muscle tensions and maintain sitting posture throughout driving.

Derivations of system Derivations of system Derivations of system

Ceq=(C1*Cs1)/(C1+Cs1) ; Keq=((C12ks1+CS12k1)+K1KS1(C1+CS1))/((K1+KS1)+S(C1+CS1)) ;

Where [M], [C], and [K] are the 14 × 14 mass, damping and stiffness matrices, respectively; {q} is the vector of generalized coordinates; {fE} is the force vector due to external excitation. By considering model as a simple spring mass system with certain assumptions derivations for following measurements were derived.

(a) Measurements without backrest support

(b) Measurements with backrest inclined 21°

(c) Measurements with backrest inclined 12°

Table 1Specifications of Engine

Manufacture Rocket engg. Corpn. Ltd.
SFC 251 g/kWhr.
Rated power 4.8 kW @ 1500 RPM
Standard CR 17.5:1/td>
Bore 87.5 mm
Stroke 110 mm
Injection Timing 230 before TDC
Exhaust valve open 35.5 bBDC
Inlet valve close 35.5 aBDC
Exhaust valve close 4.5 aTDC


A study of MB models of a fixed human body on a platform which is exposed to vertical vibrations has been implemented. The model proposed in this study has been analyzed in terms of STH transmissibility.

From the analysis following comments can be made:

For responses of a seated body exposed to vertical vibrations, the models must be at least 2-D in the sagittal plane. Therefore, the MB model in this study was observed when sitting both with and without backrest supports, irrespective of hand positions, while the feet were supported and allowed to vibrate. In the biodynamic analyses both models were simplified to linear systems to reduce the analytical and simulation complexities.

The proposed model is fit in different automotive sitting environments very well. It is recommended that the proposed model be used in evaluations of the biodynamic responses of a seated human body exposed to vertical vibrations in various automotive postures


[1] AMarian Witalis dobry and Tomasz Hermann 2014, A Comparison of Human Physical Models Used in the ISO 10068:2012 Standard Based on Power Distribution PART 2, University of Technology, Institute of Applied Mechanics. Vibrations in Physical Systems, Volume 26.

[2] Ghuman Kuljit Singh 2007, Effect of Whole-Body Vibration on Vehicle Operators: A Review, Research Scholar, Production Engineering Department, PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh-160012, India.

[3] Cho-Chung LIANG1, Chi-Feng CHIANG 2007, Modeling of a Seated Human Body Exposed to Vertical Vibrations in Various Automotive Postures, Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Dayeh University, 112 Shanjiau Rd., Datsuen, Changhua, Taiwan 515, R.O.C

[4] Katu U.S., Desavale R.G., Kanai R.A. Effect of Vehicle Vibration on Human Body – RIT Experience, Department of Mechanical Engg. Rajarambapu Institute of Technology Sakharale, pp. 415−414.

[5] CLech J. Sitnik, Monika Magdziak-Tokáowicz, Radosáaw Wróbel, Piotr Kardasz 2015, Vehicle Vibration In Human Health, Wroclaw University of Technology Institute of Machine Design and Operation àukasiewicza Street 7/9 Wroclaw, Poland, pp, 50−371.

Current Issue

Current Issue

Volume 1, Issue 2, August 2021



Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2020